Railways’ use of bio-toilets: Lessons in innovation, sustainability now a part of B-school lecture rooms

The railways’ use of bio-toilets in its coaches will now be a part of administration faculty lecture rooms as a case examine on its growth and set up has been accredited by the nationwide transporter for use as examine materials, in accordance with a doc accessed by PTI.

According to the doc, the railways has given its nod to Indian School of Business (ISB) to make use of the examine by them on the IR bio-toilets as curriculum for enterprise colleges.

“Based on our review of the attached case and other associated material, we hereby confirm that the Indian School of Business has the authority to use the case study and to authorize other educational institutions or organizations to use the case study. We further approve the use of our images and logos as displayed within the case,” the approval letter from the railways stated.

Senior officers concerned within the course of confirmed that the usage of bio-toilets, the expertise developed with DRDO and the affiliation with non-public entities to put in them within the coaches of IR was an achievement, completed over a decade was prepared materials for administration colleges to find out about coordination between completely different departments and in addition a lesson in sustainability.

“There are two major takeaways from the bio-toilet project. One is that it’s environment- friendly and their installation has resulted in cleaner stations and rails. The second is that due to the use of bio-toilets, the corrosion in rails has reduced and will eventually lead to extending the life of the rails. We have signed an MOU with ISB and based on that they can also take it to other management schools,” stated a senior official.

He additionally stated that the bio-toilet mannequin was good for administration colleges because it highlighted the event of sustainable expertise and the way the nationwide transporter has managed to go huge with the idea.

“We have taken this on the largest scale possible and perhaps nowhere in the world has this been used at such a large scale,” the official stated.

The examine, which will probably be a part of enterprise faculty curriculum, mentions how in 2011 the primary prototype prepare with bio-toilets began from Gwalior and the way the undertaking was scaled up by 2014. In lower than ten years (between 2011 and 2020), 245,775 bio-toilets had been put in in 68,694 coaches.


Tata Energy Research Institute (TERI) studied the influence of bio-toilets’ fitment and located that with bio-toilets’ adoption, the burden of cleansing the tracks and subsequent handbook scavenging was eradicated. The examine stated that this, in flip, improved the respect for labor, and the alternate jobs that handbook scavengers had been supplied improved their livelihood.

This resulted in saving 5.four million litres of water per day spent earlier on observe washing on the prepare stations, the examine stated. TERI estimated that this energy-saving profit was of the order of discount of carbon dioxide equal of 155 tonnes each year.

“The bio-toilets initiative served as a source of open innovation. lt significantly expanded the markets to produce and sell bio-toilets to improve small and medium enterprises segment. The successful implementation of bio-toilets in the passenger trains demonstrated a critical message that while technical innovation is essential, its solution must be grounded in reality. That capability to carry out innovations in an evolutionary mode is -necessary to bring a change al the grass-root level. To make a fundamental social impact, considering the socio-economic factors becomes essential,” the examine says.

Source hyperlink

%d bloggers like this: